Genetically-engineered yeast growing in a petri dish at Smolke's laboratory at Stanford University.

How to create opioids for the masses

The potent drugs are derived from the sap of an opium poppy, but turning them into medicines takes time — the timeframe from the farmer’s f…

virtual reality

Can virtual reality relieve pain?

The idea is that by placing oneself in this highly immersive virtual world, we are distracted from the painful experience. While only a few …