Tips for keeping older eyes healthy

(CNN) – As we get older, the threat of vision loss gets higher.  Age-related risks include dry eye, glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy.

You can reduce your chances of vision loss and keep your eyes healthy by following some simple steps.

Make sure to get a comprehensive eye exam, in which your eyes are dialated.

Dilation allows doctors to check for signs of damage or disease.

Wear sunglasses or a hat with a brim and use protective eyewear when playing sports

Prolonged sun exposure is linked to cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, know your risk factors.

A family history of eye disease means you have a greater chance of problems down the line.  Give up smoking, or if you don’t smoke, don’t start.

Research has linked smoking with a host of eye problems and eating right will protect your sight.

A diet rich in fruits and vegetables is crucial for healthy eyes and it’s also helpful to eat fish high in omega-three fatty acids, like salmon, tuna and halibut.

If you want more tips for healthy eyes, check out the national eye institute website.

Copyright CNN 2016

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