How police prepare for active shooter situations

Authorities say it's up to civilians to either run, hide or fight in those first crucial moments

(CNN) – President Obama is making the case for his executive action on gun control Thursday. His action is partly motivated by a string of mass shootings across the nation in recent years.

A man in a hoodie pulling out a handgun on a fictional college campus, shots ringing out as students flee. This is an FBI training video produced to help law enforcement nationwide learn how to confront and diffuse an active shooter situation.

This rapid response training at Texas State University, puts officers in real time active shooter training.

Terry Nichols: “We hear shots. We know the problem is down here. I’m kinda pushing you let’s go let go cause if we’re coming to stop an active shooter we have to get to the active shooter.”

But authorities say it’s often up to the victims to either run, hide or fight in those crucial first minutes.

Ron Hosko: “Today’s reality is that we cannot be passive. We cannot be passive as a citizen and certainly the police cannot be passive.”

Since 2008, the year President Obama was elected, to 2014 there have been on average 17 active shooter incidents every year more than one a month. That’s more than double the number from 2000 to 2007 when there was an average of seven a year,

They can happen can happen anywhere anytime. 13 people killed at Fort Hood Military Base in Texas. Six gunned down at a Congress member’s rally in Arizona.

Gabby Gifford’s shooting “Everyone was screaming that it was Gabriel Gifford’s.”

26 people including 20 children shot dead at an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut Just last month in San Bernardino, where a radicalized husband and wife shot dead 14 innocent people.

For federal and local law enforcement, there is an increased focus on training for active shooter scenarios.This rapid response training at Texas State University puts officers in chaos in real time.

“We hear the shots, we have problems down here, so we have to start pushing them ‘let’s go, let’s go’ because, again, if it comes to the point we have to stop an active shooter, we have to get to the active shooter.”

Authorities say it’s up to civilians to either run, hide or fight in those first crucial moments.

Ron Hosko: “Law enforcement response to those incidents is not instantaneous, so citizens need to be thinking about what their response is going to be. If it is a protracted incident, they hear sirens but there is no one helping right now.

These series of active shootings have struck a chord with President Obama, fueling his decision to bypass Congress on gun control during his last year in office.

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